This is an India based scientific network of researchers having interest in environmental aspects in soil environment.
Soil contamination refers to the presence of unwanted man-made materials of chemical nature and wastes in the soil environments that are toxic and often injurious to human health and other life forms in the long run. Such contamination typically arises from the application of chemical pesticides on crops and seeds, accidents in chemical plants, rupture of underground storage tanks, percolation of contaminated surface water to subsurface strata, leaching of wastes from landfills or direct discharge of industrial wastes to the soil.
The most common contaminants involved are pesticides, heavy metals resulting from effluents from electro-chemical and other process industries and lead, petroleum hydrocarbons from refineries and industrial solvents.
The occurrence of soil contamination is directly related to anthropogenic activities and can be regarded as inevitable with the increasing degree of industrialization and intensity of chemical usage. The concern over soil contamination stems primarily from health risks, both of direct contact and from secondary contamination of water supplies and technological capability to deal with the prevention and mapping of contaminated sites. Their clean up require a body of knowledge in multi-disciplinary areas of geology, hydrology, agriculture, chemistry, toxicology, pharmacology, computer modelling along with sanitation and civil engineering.
Research reports and publications emanating from various researchers across the globe confirm the following distinct area of interest:
Established in early 1999, in the wake of organising an international conference, on the subject of environmental pollution, conference was organised at Hotel Radison in New Delhi, during December 1999. The network brought together several key researchers working on different aspects of contamination in soil environment spread across various academy, agricultural and industrial research institutions.
The December 1999 conference was a huge success attracting as many as 200 renowned scientists from various countries, i.e., Australia, New Zealand, Japan, China, Sweden, UK, U.S.A and elsewhere.